Molecular Cloning, Characterization and Sequence Analysis of KCNQ4 in Large Odorous Frog, Odorrana graminea

Acoustic communication is essential for anuran survival and reproduction, and masking background noise can affect the effective acoustic communication. The larger odorous frog(Odorrana graminea) inhabits noise montane streams, and it has shown an ultrasound communication adaptation. However, the molecular mechanism underlying their ultrasonic hearing adaptation remains unknown. To characterize and investigate the molecular characteristics and evolution of the high-frequency hearing-sensitive gene(KCNQ4) in O. graminea, termed as OgKCNQ4, the rapid amplification of cDNA ends(RACE) was performed to amplify the cDNA of OgKCNQ4. Different bioinformatics analyses were used to investigate the molecular characteristics. Multiple nucleotide and amino acid sequence alignment were conducted, and phylogenies were reconstructed under the maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches. The full-length cDNA of OgKCNQ4 was 2065 bp, and the open reading frame(ORF) was 2046 bp encoding for a putative protein with 681 amino acids. The relative molecular weight of OgKCNQ4 was 76.453 kD and the putative PI was 9.69. Secondary structure prediction analyses suggested 42.29% alpha helixes and 43.76% random coils in OgKCNQ4. Gene homology and Phylogenetic analyses revealed the closest relationship between OgKCNQ4 and KCNQ4 of Nanorana parkeri with 96.9% similarity and 95.0% identity. We first determined the full-length cDNA of OgKCNQ4 and the results here could provide foundations for further study on the evolution of KCNQ4 and its relationship to ultrasonic communication in amphibians.

supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China to ZC (Grants U1404306 and 31601848), XHC (Grant 31572245, 31372164 and 31872220); the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation to ZC (2016M600580); the Excellent Young Scholars Fund of HNNU to ZC (YQ201706); the Young Backbone Teachers Fund of HNNU to ZC;



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